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Census operations1 usually begin with the delimitation of census areas2 and enumeration districts3. Enumeration districts in towns may consist of one or several blocks4, a block being defined as a group of buildings around which it is possible to walk without crossing a street, or which are bounded by some obstacle, such as a railway line, or a river. Most of the larger cities of the United States of America have been divided into statistical areas called census tracts5, which may contain several enumeration districts.
Vital records1 may be defined as those dealing with births, deaths, stillbirths, foetal deaths, marriages, adoptions, legitimations, recognitions, annulments, divorces and separations; in short all the events which have to do with an individual’s entrance into or departure from life, together with changes in civil status. For legal reasons such events have, in many countries, long been recorded in registers2 of which the most common are the register of births3, the register of marriages4 and the register of deaths5. Vital statistics6 or registration statistics6 are prepared from these registers, generally by means of transcripts7 or transcriptions7 from the registers or from draft entries7 in the registers.
- 2. register n. — register v. — registration n., the act of registering. Modern registers are the descendants of the old parish registers or parochial registers in which there were registered baptisms, marriages and burials.
The registers mentioned in the preceding paragraphs are distinct from the population registers1 of those countries which possess a system of continuous registration2. In these registers every member of the population or every family may be represented by a card3, and the register is maintained4 or kept up to date4 through information which reaches it through the local registration officers and through registration of changes of residence5. It is generally collated6 (cf. 130-9*) or matched6 with the census results and brought up to date at regular intervals by special checks7.
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