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The social aspects of population changes have in general received less attention than their economic or biological aspects. In many studies, however, the population is divided into a number of social status groups 1 or into socio-economic groups 2 according to occupation, income, education or similar indices of economic status. The term social class 3 has a sociological connotation which is only approximated by the type of grouping generally used in demographic work. The division of society into a number of such groups is called social stratification 4. Movement between different social status groups is called social mobility 5. Different societies show different degrees of social mobility, and demographers have studied the relation between social mobility and certain demographic variables.
The study of occupational mobility 1 is concerned with persons who move from one occupational group to another by a change of occupation 2. Occupational guidance 3 may also cause changes in the occupational structure of a population.
- 1. gerontology n. — gerontological adj. — gerontologist n., a specialist in gerontology. 2. geriatrics n. — geriatric adj. — geriatrician n., a specialist in geriatrics.
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