93

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chapters | General concepts index 1 | The treatment and processing of population statistics index 2 | Distribution and classification of the population index 3 | Mortality and morbidity index 4 | Nuptiality index 5 | Fertility index 6 | Population growth and replacement index 7 | Migration index 8 | Economic and social aspects of demography index 9
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930

A population policy (104-2) is a series of measures taken by public authorities to influence the trend of population, or principles offered as a basis for such measures. A distinction is made between expansionist 1 policies, sometimes also called populationist 1 which are designed to increase the population, to accelerate its rate of growth or to check actual or incipient population decline or depopulation 2, and restrictionist 3 policies for the purpose of checking population growth or reducing the rate of increase. Among the former, pro-natalist 4 policies, which attempt to increase the birth rate (630-1), are particularly important. In contrast to pro-natalist policies, there are anti-natalist 5 policies designed to reduce the frequency of births.

931

In many countries allowances 1,benefits 1 or grants 2 are given to the parents of children. In general an allowance is a sum of money which is paid periodically, whereas a grant is paid on a single occasion only. Family allowance 3 or children’s allowance 3 denotes a sum of money paid regularly to parents with a specified number of children. In many fiscal systems, tax rebates 4 are granted in respect of dependent children. Other monetary benefits paid in some countries include maternity grants 5 or birth grants 5, which are paid on the birth of a child, pre-natal allowances 6paid to expectant mothers during pregnancy, and on occasions marriage loans 7, which are granted to newly-married couples in order to assist them in setting up a household (110-3).

932

Many other public measures, such as housing programmes or measures in the field of public health 1 may have an impact on demographic phenomena. The provision of services for pregnant women, such as ante-natal clinics 2, and for parturient (cf. 603-4*) women may help in reducing late foetal, infant and maternal mortality (cf. para. 410, 424-4). Services which are primarily designed to help the mother are called maternity services 3; those meant to assist the young child are infant welfare services 4 or child welfare services 4.

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back to Introduction | preface | Index
chapters | General concepts index 1 | The treatment and processing of population statistics index 2 | Distribution and classification of the population index 3 | Mortality and morbidity index 4 | Nuptiality index 5 | Fertility index 6 | Population growth and replacement index 7 | Migration index 8 | Economic and social aspects of demography index 9
section | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 40 | 41 | 42 | 43 | 50 | 51 | 52 | 60 | 61 | 62 | 63 | 70 | 71 | 72 | 80 | 81 | 90 | 91 | 92 | 93