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Demographic revolution

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Demographic revolution  (DEMOGRAPHIC revolution)

The process of transition from a situation in which both fertility and mortality were relatively high to one in which they are relatively low which has been observed in many countries, is sometimes called the demographic revolution1 or vital revolution1. It has been suggested that the process of industrialization tends to bring about a type of demographic change which is characterized by a fall in mortality, followed after a period of time by a fall in fertility, thus resulting in rapid population growth during the period of demographic transition2. Economists have studied changes in productivity3, i. e., in the production per member of the labour force, or per head of the population, associated with this transitional period.