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Forced migration

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Forced migration  (FORCED migration)

Voluntary migration (810-1) contrasts with forced migration1, in which individuals are compelled by public authorities to move. One example of forced migration is the expulsion2 from their places of abode either of individuals or of whole groups of people. The term evacuation3 is generally reserved for the movement of whole populations in order to safeguard them from some catastrophe, such as earthquakes, floods, operations of war or the like. A refugee4 has usually migrated of his own volition, though there may have been strong pressure on him to migrate because his continued stay in his country of origin may have exposed him to danger of persecution. A displaced person5 is a person who has been moved by a public authority from his place of origin. This move may have taken place as a result of large-scale displacement of population6 or population transfer6, or population exchange7.

  • 2. expulsion o. — expel v. — expellee n., one who has been expelled. The term deportation is used for the expulsion of an individual person from his country of residence because his continued residence is considered undesirable by the authorities.
    deportation n. — deport v. — deportee n.
  • 3. evacuation n. — evacuate v. — evacuee n., a person who has been evacuated.