External migration

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External migration  (EXTERNAL migration)

With respect to a defined territory, external migration 1 involves movement across its boundaries. Where the territory in question is a sovereign state, migration across its border is called international migration 2. This term is sometimes used as a synonym for external migration, but the two are not necessarily equivalent. The terms immigration 3 and emigration 4 refer respectively to movement into or out of a particular territory. Migration within a given state, which consists of movement between different parts of that state, is called internal migration 5.

  • 1. A person who crosses a country in the course of migratory movement is considered by that country as a person in transit.
  • 3. immigration n. — immigrate v. — immigrant n., one who immigrates; also used as an adj. The term in-migration is generally used instead of immigration in the case of migration which is not international; one who immigrates is an in-migrant.
  • 4. emigration n. — emigrate v. — emigrant n., one who emigrates; also used as an adj. The term emigré is usually applied to a person who leaves his native country for political reasons. Where migration is not international, the terms out-migration and out-migrant are generally used instead of emigration and emigrant.


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