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Demography  (DEMOGRAPHY)

Demography1 is the scientific study of human populations, primarily with respect to their size, their structure and their development. In statistical terminology any collection of distinct elements may be called a population2 or universe2. The population3 of a particular area consists of all inhabitants4 of that area, though the term may on occasions be used for part of the inhabitants only, e. g. the population of schoolchildren, the population of marriageable age etc. Such populations are properly called sub-populations5. The term population is occasionally used to denote the total number6 of persons in an area.

  • 1. demography n. — demographic adj. — demographer n., a specialist in demography.
  • 3. population n. — note that this term may also be used adjectivally as a synonym for demographic, e.g. in population statistics, population analysis, population studies.