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Actual population

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Actual population  (ACTUAL population)

In, census practice a distinction is made between the resident population1 or de jure population1 of a given area, which consists of the people who habitually live in that area, and the actual population2, de facto population2, enumerated population2 or present-in-area population2, which is made up of the persons in the area on census clay. In the resident population, temporary absentees4 are included with those permanent residents3who are present in the area on census day; the present-in-area population consists of residents together with visitors5 or transients5. The two methods of enumeration will give different results even for the country as a whole. The place where a person lives is called the place of residence6. For administrative reasons, certain persons who live together in large communities are often separately enumerated, for example inmates of boarding schools, military personnel in barracks, prisoners, etc. These people form the institutional population7. Special rules are used to enumerate vagrants8 or persons of no fixed abode8.

  • 6. The term domicile is a technical legal term, which in the United States of America is called the legal residence and denotes the place where a person is legally deemed to reside. This place may differ from his actual residence.
  • 7. In the United States of America the term population in quasi-households is used and the term institutional population is reserved for persons living in correctional institutions, hospitals for mental disease and tuberculosis, homes for the aged, handicapped and dependent or neglected persons.